Paul M. Suratt, MD

Paul M. Suratt, MD

Suratt, Paul








Paul M. Suratt, MD


John L. Guerrant Professor of Medicine
Medical Director, Sleep Laboratories
Medical Director, Sleep Disorders Center

Fellowship: University of Virginia
Office Address: P.O. Box 800546

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
University of Virginia Health System
Charlottesville, VA 22908

Phone: 434-982-0407
FAX: 434-982-0402
Board Certifications: Internal Medicine
Pulmonary Disease
Clinics: UVA Sleep Clinic:  434-982-0407
Clinical Practice: Sleep disorders, including sleep apnea.
Research Interests: Breathing during sleep.

Publications (selected):

Suratt PM, Diamond R, Barth JT, et al. Movements during sleep correlate with impaired attention and verbal and memory skills in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy suspected of having obstructive sleep disordered breathing. Sleep Med 12:322-328, 2011.

Suratt PM, Smiddy JF, Gruber B. Deaths and complications associated with fiberoptic bronchoscope. Chest 1976; 69:747‑751.

Suratt PM, Gwaltney JM, Sande MA. A rapid method of disinfecting the bronchofiberscope. Am Rev Respir Dis 1976;

Herf SM, Suratt PM, Arora NS. Deaths and complications associated with transbronchial lung biopsy. Am Rev Respir Dis 1977; 115:708‑711.

Lobo PI, Spyker D, Suratt PM, Westervelt.F.B. Jr. Use of hemodialysis in meprobamate overdosage. Clin Nephrology 1977; 7:73‑75.

Suratt PM, Wenzel RP, Wellons HA, Gruber B. Absence of clinical pneumonia following bronchoscopy with contaminated and clean bronchofiberscopes. Chest 1977; 71:52‑54.

Suratt PM, Winn WC, Brody AR, Bolton WK, Giles RD. Acute silicosis in tombstone sandblasters. Am Rev Respir Dis 1977; 115:521‑529.

Cummins RO, Suratt PM, Horwitz DA. Disseminated strongyloides stercoralis infection with ectopic ACTH syndrome and depressed cell mediated immunity. Arch Int Med 1978; 138:1005‑1006.

Dee P, Suratt PM, Winn WC. The radiographic findings in acute silicosis. Radiology 1978; 126:359‑363.

Giles RD, Sturgill BC, Suratt PM, Bolton WK. Massive proteinuria and acute renal failure in a patient with acute silicoproteinosis. Am J Med 1978; 64:336‑342.

Herf SM, Suratt PM. Complications of transbronchial lung biopsies. Chest 1978; 73:759‑760.

Sipes JN, Suratt PM, Teates CD, Barada FA, Davis JS. A prospective study of plasma DNA in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. Am Rev Respir Dis 1978; 118:475‑478.

Hess CE, Nichols AB, Hunt WB, Suratt PM. Pseudohypoxemia secondary to leukemia and thrombocythemia. New Eng J Med 1979; 301:361‑363.

Lobo PI, Suratt PM. Reappraisal of lymphocyte subpopulations in sarcoidosis: Demonstration of a specific deficiency of L lymphocytes. J Clin & Lab Immuno 1979; 1:289‑292.

Lobo PI, Suratt PM. Studies on the autoantibody of lymphocytes in sarcoidosis. J Clin & Lab Immuno 1979; 1:283‑288.

Mandell GR, Sullivan G, Siltzbach L, Suratt PM. Effect of kveim antigen on chemotaxis of normal and sarcoid monocytes. Journal of the Reticuloendothelial Society 1979; 36:525‑530.

Barada FA, Taylor RP, Godfrey SM, Suratt PM, Davis IV JS, et al. Free plasma DNA in patients with pulmonary embolism. Sou Med Jl 1980; 73:345‑346.

Dee P, Teja K, Korzeniowski O, Suratt PM. Military tuberculosis resulting in the adult respiratory distress syndrome. Am J Roentgenology 1980; 134:564‑572.

Gal TJ, Suratt PM. Resistance to breathing in healthy subjects during endotracheal intubation. Anesthesia and Analgesia

Stalnecker MC, Suratt PM, Chandler JG. Changes in respiratory function following small bowel bypass for obesity. Surgery 1980; 99:645‑651.

Suratt PM, Smiddy JF, Minor GR. Bronchial coarctation. Chest 1980; 77:237‑239.

Bolton WK, Suratt PM, Sturgill BC. Rapidly progressive silicone nephropathy. Am J Med 1981; 71:823‑828.

Gal TJ, Suratt PM. Atropine and glycopyrrolate‑effects on lung mechanics in normal man. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1981; 60:85‑90.

Mandell GL, Sullivan GW, Siltzbach LE, Suratt PM. In vitro culture of leukocytes from patients with sarcoidosis: In search of an "In Vitro Kveim Test.". Virchows Archives 1981; 35:201‑205.

Suratt PM, Owens DA. A pulse method of measuring respiratory system compliance in ventilated patients. Chest 1981; 80:34‑38.

Suratt PM, Gal TJ. Effect of head flexion on airway resistance measured in a body plethysmograph. Br J Dis Chest 1981; 75:204‑206.

Suratt PM, Owens DA, Hsiao H, Kaiser DL, Rochester DF. Lung compliance and its transient elevations measured with a pulse flow method. J Appl Physiol 1981; 50:1318‑1324.

Suratt PM, Hooe DM, Owens DA, Anne A. Effect of maximal versus submaximal expiratory effort on spirometric values. Respiration 1981; 42:233‑236.

Friedman CJ, Oblinger MJ, Suratt PM, et al. Prophylaxis of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in patients requiring mechanical ventilation. Critical Care Medicine 1982; 10:316‑319.

Halperin SA, Suratt PM, Gwaltney JM, Groschel DHM, Hendley JO, Eggleston PA. Bacterial cultures of the lower respiratory tract in normal volunteers with and without experimental rhinovirus infection using a plugged double catheter system. Am Rev Respir Dis 1982; 125:678‑680.

Spyker DA, Gallanosa AG, Suratt PM. The health effects of acute carbon disulfide exposure. Journal of Toxicol‑Clin Toxicol 1982; 19:87‑93.

Gentry SE, Hodge RH, Kaiser D, Walker IV FB, Suratt PM. Pulmonary function testing in a general medical practice. Journal of Community Health 1983; 8:263‑268.

Halperin SA, Eggleston PA, Hendley JO, Suratt PM, Groschel DHM, Gwaltney Jr JM. Pathogenesis of lower respiratory tract symptoms in experimental rhinovirus infection. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983; 128:806‑810.

Suratt PM, Dee P, Atkinson RL, Armstrong P, Wilhoit SC. Fluoroscopic and computed tomographic features of the pharyngeal airway in obstructive sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983; 127:487‑492.

Suratt PM, Wilhoit SC, Atkinson RL. Elevated pulse flow resistances in awake obese subjects with obstructive sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983; 127:162‑165.

Dee PM, Suratt PM, Bray ST, Rose Jr CE. Mucus plugging simulating pulmonary embolism in patients with quadriplegia. Chest 1984; 85:363‑366.

Evans RJ, Wilhoit SC, Suratt PM. A microcomputer system for monitoring and analysing oxyhemoglobin saturation during sleep. Computer Programs in Biomedicine 1984; 18:227‑234.

Gal TJ, Suratt PM, Jan‑Yeong L. Glycopyrrolate and atropine inhalation: Comparative effects on normal airway function. Am Rev Respir Dis 1984; 129:872‑873.

Johnson BE, Suratt PM, Gal TJ, Wilhoit SC.  Effect of inhaled glycopyrrolate and atropine in asthma.  Precipitated by exercise and cold air inhalation.  Chest 1984; 325-328.

Suratt PM, Wilhoit SC, Cooper K. Induction of airway collapse with subatmospheric pressure in awake patients with sleep apnea. J Appl Physiol 1984; 57:140‑146.
Suratt PM, Wilhoit SC, Hsiao HS, Atkinson RL, Rochester DF. Compliance of the chest wall in obese subjects. J Appl Physiol 1984; 57:403‑407.

Suratt PM, Gwaltney Jr JM, Eggleston PA. Measurement of partial flow volume curves in volunteers with experimental rhinovirus infection. Acta Oto‑Laryngologica Suppl 1984; 413:37‑41.

Wilhoit SC, Brown ED, Suratt PM. Treatment of obstructive sleep apnea with nasal airflow delivered through nasal prongs. Chest 1984; 85:170‑173.
Atkinson RL, Suratt PM, Wilhoit SC, Recard L. Naloxone improves sleep apnea in obese humans. Int J Obesity 1985; 9:233‑239.

Findley LJ, Wilhoit SC, Suratt PM. Apnea duration and hypoxemia during REM sleep in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Chest 1985; 87:432‑436.

Halperin SA, Eggleston PA, Beasley P, et al. Exacerbations of asthma in adults during experimental rhinovirus infection. Am Rev Respir Dis 1985; 132:976‑980.

Jones JB, Wilhoit SC, Findley LJ, Suratt PM. Oxyhemoglobin saturation during sleep in subjects with and without the obesity hypoventilation syndrome. Chest 1985; 88:9‑15.

Suratt PM, McTier RF, Wilhoit SC. Alae nasi electromyographic activity and timing in obstructive sleep apnea. J Appl Physiol 1985; 58:1252‑1256.

Suratt PM, McTier RF, Wilhoit SC. Collapsibility of the nasopharyngeal airway in obstructive sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 1985; 132:967‑971.

Teague WG, Darnall RA, Suratt PM. A noninvasive constant‑flow method for measuring respiratory compliance in newborn infants. Critical Care Medicine 1985; 13:965‑971.

Wilhoit SC, Suratt PM, Evans RJ, Brown ED, Kaiser DL. Comparison of indices used to detect hypoventilation during sleep. Respiration 1985; 47:237‑242.

Wilhoit SC, McTier RF, Findley LJ, Suratt PM. Treatment of obstructive sleep apnea with continuous nasal airflow. Lung 1985; 163:233‑241.

Findley LJ, Barth JT, Powers DC, Wilhoit SC, Boyd DG, Suratt PM. Cognitive impairment in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Chest 1986; 90:686‑690.

Suratt PM, Turner BL, Wilhoit SC. Effect of intranasal obstruction on breathing during sleep. Chest 1986; 90:324‑329.

Suratt PM, Wilhoit SC, Brown ED, Findley LJ. Effect of doxapram on obstructive sleep apnea. Bulletin de Physiopathologie Respiratoire 1986; 22:127‑131.

Suratt PM, McTier RF, Findley LJ, Pohl SL, Wilhoit SC. Changes in breathing and the pharynx after weight loss in obstructive sleep apnea. Chest 1987; 92:642‑647.

Walker FB, Kaiser DL, Kowal MB, Suratt PM. Prolonged effect of inhaled glycopyrrolate in asthma. Chest 1987; 91:49‑51.

Wilhoit SC, Suratt PM. Obstructive sleep apnea in premenopausal females, a comparison with postmenopausal women and men. Chest 1987; 91:654‑658.

Wilhoit SC, Suratt PM. Effect of nasal obstruction on upper airway muscle activation in normal subjects. Chest 1987; 92:1053‑1055.

Findley L, Unverzadt M, Suratt P. Automobile crashes in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 1988; 138:337‑340.

Suratt PM, McTier RF, Findley LJ, Pohl SL, Wilhoit SC. Upper airway muscle activation is augmented in patients with obstructive sleep apnea compared with that in normal subjects. Am Rev Respir Dis 1988; 137:889‑894.

Findley L, Fabrizio M, Knight H, Norcross B, LaForte A, Suratt P. Driving simulator performance in patients with sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 1989; 140:529‑530.

Griggs G, Findley L, Suratt P, Esau S, Wilhoit S, Rochester D. Prolonged relaxation rate of inspiratory muscles in patients with sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 1989; 140:708‑710.

Hollowell DE, Suratt PM. Activation of masseter muscles with inspiratory resistance loading. J Appl Physiol 1989; 67:270‑275.

Issa FG, Remmers JE, Suratt PM. Sleep and respiration. J Appl Physiol. 1990; 68:1286‑1289.

Hollowell DE, Bhandary PR, Funsten AW, Suratt PM. Respiratory‑related recruitment of the masseter: response to hypercapnia and loading. J Appl Physiol. 1991; 70:2508‑2513.

Shepard Jr JW, Gefter WB, Guilleminault C, Hoffman EA, Hoffstein V, Hudgel DW, Suratt PM, White DP. Evaluation of the upper airway in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep. 1991; 14:361-371

Suratt PM, Hollowell DE. Mandible position and activation of submental and masseter muscles during sleep. J Appl Physiol. 1991; 71:2267-2273.

Freidin N, Fisher MJ, Taylor W, Boyd D, Suratt P, McCallum RW, Mittal RK.  Sleep and nocturnal acid reflux in normal subjects and patients with reflux oesophagitis.  Gut. 1991; 32:1275-1279.

Suratt PM, McTier RF, Findley LJ, Pohl SL, Wilhoit SC. Effect of very low calorie diets with weight loss on obstructive sleep apnea. Am J Clin Nutrition. 1992; 56:S182-S184.

Barth JT, Findley LJ, Zillmer EA, Gideon DA, Suratt PM. Obstructive sleep apnea, hypoxemia, and personality functioning: implications for medical psychotherapy assessment.  Advances In Medical Psychotherapy. 1993; 6:29-36.

Shelton KE, Gay SB, Hollowell DE, Woodson H, Suratt PM.  Mandible enclosure of upper airway and weight in obstructive sleep apnea.  Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993; 148:195-200.

Shelton KE, Woodson H, Gay S, Suratt PM.  Pharyngeal fat in obstructive sleep apnea.  Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993; 148:462-466.

Shelton KE, Woodson H, Gay SB, Suratt PM. Adipose tissue deposition in sleep apnea. Sleep. 1993; 8:S103-S105.

Spencer BG, Sistrom CL, Holder CA, Suratt, PM. Breath-holding capability of adults: implications for spiral computed tomography, fast-acquisition magnetic resonance imaging, and angiography.  Invest Radiol. 1994; 29:848-851, 1994.

Winter CW, Gampper T, Gay SB, Suratt, PM. Enlargement of the lateral pharyngeal fat pad space in pigs increases upper airway resistance.  J Appl Physiol. 1995; 79:726-731.

Findley L, Unverzagt M, Guchu R, Fabrizio M, Buckner J, Suratt, PM.  Vigilance and automobile accidents in patients with sleep apnea or narcolepsy.  Chest.  1995;  108:619-624.

Hartman ML, Pessoli SS, Hellman PJ, Suratt, PM, Thorner, MO, Pulsatile growth hormone secretion in older persons is enhanced by fasting without relationship to sleep stages.  J Clin Endocrin  Metabol.  1996;  81:2694-2701.

Suratt, PM, Read, B.  The Pickwickian Syndrome Revisited, New  Treatment for an Old Disease. Virginia Medical Quarterly. 1996;  123:256-257.

Findley LF, Suratt, PM. Automobile Crashes and Sleep. Virginia Medical Quarterly.  1996;  123:258-259.

Winter WC, Gampper T, Gay  SB, Suratt PM.  Lateral pharyngeal fat pad pressue during breathing.  Sleep. 1996; 19:S178-179.

Winter WC, Gampper T, Gay  SB, Suratt PM.  Lateral pharyngeal fat pad pressue during breathing in anesthetized pigs. J. Appl. Physiol. 1997;  83:688-694.

Lonergan RP, Ware, JC, Atkinson RL, Winter, WC, Suratt, PM.  Sleep apnea in obese miniature pigs. J Appl. Physiol. 1998; 84:531-536.

Roarty TP, Suratt PM, Hellmann P, McCallum RW.  Colonic motor activity in women during sleep. Sleep 1998;21:285-8.

Suratt PM, Findley LJ. Driving with sleep apnea. Editorial. N Engl J Med. 1999; 18;340:881-3.

Findley LJ, Suratt PM, Dinges DF. Time-on-task decrements in "steer clear" performance      of patients with sleep apnea and narcolepsy. Sleep 1999;22:804-9.

Findley L, Smith C, Hooper J, Dineen M, Suratt PM.  Treatment with nasal CPAP decreases automobile accidents in patients with sleep apnea.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Mar;161:857-9.

Findley LJ, Suratt PM. Serious motor vehicle crashes: the cost of untreated sleep apnoea.  Thorax. 2001 Jul; 56:505.

Peruggia, MA, Sun, J, Mullins, M, Suratt, PM.  Wavelett Modeling and Processing of Nasal Airflow Traces.  Methods in Enzymology. Numerical Computer Methods.  2004; 384:106-130.

Johnson, ML, Suratt, PM.  Quantifying Asynchronous Breathing.   Methods in Enzymology. Numerical Computer Methods.  2004; 384: 130-138.

Rembold, CR, Suratt, PM.  Children with Obstructive Sleep Disordered Breathing Generate High Frequency Inspiratory Sounds During Sleep.  Sleep 2004; 27:1154-61.  Impact Factor 4.950. Rank 6 of 148.

Rembold, CM, Suratt, PM.  An upper airway resonator model of high frequency inspiratory sounds in children with sleep disordered breathing. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2005; 98:1855-61. Impact Factor 3.037. Rank 23 of 75

Roemmich JN, Barkley JE, D’Andrea L, Nikova M, Rogol AD, Carskadon MA, Suratt PM.  Weight Gain After Adenotonsillectomy in Children with Obstructive Sleep Disordered Breathing is Associated with Decreases in Both Motor Activity and Hyperactivity, Pediatrics. 2006;117;200-208.  Impact Factor 4.272. Rank 1 of 73.

Suratt PM, D’Andrea L, Diamond R, Barth JT, Nikova M, Perriello Jr VA, Johnson NL.  Cognitive Function and Behavior in Children with Adenotonsillar Hypertrophy Suspected of Having Obstructed Sleep Disordered Breathing.  Pediatrics.  2006;  118: e771-781.  Impact Factor 4.272. Rank 1 of 73.

Suratt, PM, Barth JT, Diamond R, D’Andrea L, Nikova M, Perriello Jr VA, Carskadon MA, Rembold C.  Reduced Time in Bed and Obstructive Sleep Disordered Breathing in Children are Associated with Cognitive Impairment. Pediatrics.  2007; 119:320-9.  Impact Factor 4.272. Rank 1 of 73.

Suratt, PM, Barth JT, Diamond R, D’Andrea L, Nikova M, Perriello Jr VA, Carskadon MA, Rembold C. Reduced time in bed and obstructive sleep disordered breathing in children are associated with cognitive impairment. Pediatrics 2007;119:320-9.

Mack DC, Patrie JT, Suratt PM, Felder RA, Alwan M. Development and preliminary validation of heart rate and breathingrate using a passive ballistocardiography-based sleep monitoring system. IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine 2009;13:111-130.

Mack DC, Patrie JT, Felder RA, Suratt PM, Alwan M. Sleep assessment using a passive ballistocardiography-based system: preliminary validation. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society 2009:1:4319-4312.