Christopher R. McCartney, M.D.

Christopher R. McCartney, M.D.

mccartneyAssociate Professor of Medicine
Endocrinology and Metabolism

Training:

  • Undergraduate: B.S. (Biology), Mississippi College, Clinton, MS 
  • Graduate: M.D., University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson, MS
  • Internal Medicine Residency, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS
  • Endocrinology Fellowship, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA
  • Graduate: M.S. (Health Evaluation Sciences/Clinical Research), University of Virginia Health System


Research interests:

The long-term goal of our clinical (patient-oriented) research group is to understand the cause(s) of abnormal gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) pulses and abnormal gonadotropin secretion in adolescent and adult polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS affects 6-8% of women and is marked by excess testosterone, irregular menses, and sub- or infertility. The cause(s) of PCOS is (are) unclear, but persistently rapid GnRH pulses contribute to high luteinizing hormone (LH) and diminished follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) secretion, which in turn contribute to androgen excess and irregular ovulation. This defect is in part related to excess testosterone, which interferes with the ability of progesterone to reduce GnRH pulse frequency. Similar abnormalities of GnRH pulses and gonadotropin secretion are observed in adolescent girls with hyperandrogenemia, a condition that can lead to adult PCOS. Resistance to feedback by low progesterone levels likely contributes to abnormal GnRH pulses (and abnormal LH/FSH secretion) in these girls, but how this could affect the normal pubertal sequence of GnRH secretion—or how it could contribute to development of PCOS—is unknown.

LHpulsesSpecific goals of our group include elucidation of the role of progesterone in directing GnRH/LH secretion and mechanisms controlling wake vs. sleep-associated GnRH/LH pulse frequency in peripubertal girls and women, both in the presence and absence of hyperandrogenemia. Using protocols of frequent hormone sampling and formal sleep analysis, we are testing a working model that involves the primacy of sex steroid negative feedback in the control of GnRH/LH pulse frequency when awake, but the relative inability of sex steroids to influence GnRH/LH pulse frequency during sleep. This model may help explain empirical observations of diurnal gonadotropin dynamics in health and disease, and may also help integrate the “central” and “gonadostat” hypotheses of puberty in girls. Our group also aims to identify mechanisms involved in obesity-associated hyperandrogenemia in peripubertal girls. Specifically, using hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp procedures in conjunction with frequent hormone sampling, we aim to define relationships among insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, elevated LH, and hyperandrogenemia in obese peripubertal girls. We believe that these studies will enhance our understanding of the mechanisms controlling the normal developmental sequence of GnRH/LH pulse secretion across puberty, and how this sequence is perturbed in the setting of excess testosterone—all with a view to designing rational treatment strategies for the early stages of PCOS.

Our work is currently funded by:

  • NIH R01 HD058671 (NICHD, PI McCartney, 09/29/08–08/31/14 [no cost extension], “Pubertal hyperandrogenemia, modification of day-night GnRH secretion, and PCOS”)
  • NIH U54 HD28934 (Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Specialized Cooperative Centers Program in Reproduction and Infertility Research, Marshall PI Master, McCartney PI Project 1, "Testosterone-GnRH Frequency and the Evolution of PCOS in Adolescence," 04/01/14–03/31/19)

 

CRRclinlabgroup2014

Clinical research group (May 2014) from left to right: Chris McCartney, MD; Ruchi Bhabhra, MD, PhD (Endocrine Fellow); Eleanor Hutchens, MD (Endocrine Fellow); John Marshall, MD, PhD (Professor); Christine Burt Solorzano, MD (Assistant Professor, Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism); Amy Anderson, DO, MPH (Endocrine Fellow); Anne Gabel (Clinical Research Coordinator) 

Recent publications and presentations