The Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology operates within the structure of the University of Virginia Digestive Health Center of Excellence. This Center of Excellence fosters an interdisciplinary approach to patient care and research in the field of gastroenterology and hepatology. A special feature of our division is the depth of expertise in both basic and clinical areas as well as the commitment of our faculty to be mentors and preceptors for trainees. As a result, the spectrum of opportunities available is extremely broad, including collaboration with the basic science departments. U.S. News and World Report has repeatedly selected the University of Virginia's Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology as a top program in the nation since 1998. We are proud that our graduates are the academic and clinical leaders of the future, with one-third of our trainees choosing to pursue careers in academic medicine. Our graduates who choose community based practices have become community leaders involved with teaching, and many hold faculty appointments at medical schools
All training in clinical gastroenterology is done at the University of Virginia, a tertiary care center serving a population of 5-10 Million lives, and designed to produce consultant gastroenterologists who have mastered the cognitive aspects and technical skills of all gastroenterological diagnostic techniques, as well as hepatology and nutrition. In addition to their clinical rotations, Fellows participate in weekly gastroenterology clinics and in regularly scheduled conferences. Basic science/pathophysiology of GI disease, research-in-progress, hepatology, endoscopy conferences, and GI Grand Rounds meet weekly, while Journal Club, radiology and pathology conferences, occur monthly.
Major components of our training program include:
Inpatient Service has the primary responsibility for providing clinical care and consultation to patients with gastrointestinal problems in the 750-bed University Hospital, a state-of the art inpatient facility that opened in 1989. Fellows on the service will receive over 100 consult requests per month as well as supervise the daily care of patients with gastrointestinal and/or liver maladies. The inpatient Division of Gastreonenterology and Hepatology encompasses two patient care units and facilitates the interaction of medical and surgical teams caring for patients with GI and liver disorders. The inpatient team is staffed by four teams of excellent Internal Medicine housestaff, a luminal and hepatology attending, as well as three GI fellows. The development of this dedicated inpatient unit has resulted in the ability to provide outstanding care in a cost-effective environment.
The DHC Endoscopic Unit is an outstanding facility. The trainee will develop expertise in the many procedures available in our specialty. These experiences include upper GI endoscopy, enteroscopy, and colonoscopy, injection and cautery treatment of GI bleeding, esophageal dilation techniques, laser use, endoscopic ultrasound, and liver biopsy. Our unit performs over 12,000 procedures per year. In addition, the biliary Endoscopy Service offers advanced biliary and pancreatic imaging, stenting, and stone removal, as well as biliary manometry and papillotomy. Training in the latter service is provided for selected Fellows in the third year who wish to gain this expertise.
This laboratory provides an opportunity for innovative investigation in gastrointestinal motility studies (esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, and rectosigmoid) with emphasis on intubation techniques, electrophysiology, and radionuclide studies. Other diagnostic procedures include breath tests for malabsorption as well as for diagnosis of bacterial overgrowth and Helicobacter pylori infection, secretin-stimulated gastrin, gastric acid secretory measurements, and esophageal pH and provocative stimulation tests for chest pain.
Experience in outpatient consultation is offered by benefiting from our 15,000 patient interactions each year. This is achieved both under faculty supervision, which allows the Fellow to see patients from each faculty member's clinic and which emphasizes different gastrointestinal disorders, as well as in long-term, fellows' continuity clinics conducted by the individual Fellows.
Hepatology experience is gained through rotation on the Digestive Health Hepatology Service with inpatient and consultative care on Medical and Surgical services as well as in outpatient clinics. There is close collaboration with an active Liver Transplant program, which performs over 75 transplants per year. A wide variety of acute and chronic liver diseases are encountered, and there is ample opportunity for involvement in patient management, including anti-viral therapy, endoscopic management, invasive radiologic intervention (such as TIPS) and close interaction with the Biliary Endoscopy Service. In addition, liver biopsy and large volume paracentesis are routinely performed. Excellent pathology expertise is available for review of liver and intestinal specimens. Fourth year training is also available in Transplant Hepatology.
The Nutrition Support Team is organized through the GI Division. Consultation is offered throughout the hospital on patients who require nutritional supplementation orally, peripherally, or centrally. Education of house staff and faculty in the principles of nutrition is an important part of this service, as is consultation on patients in the medical ICU. GI Fellows see new consults, including patients requiring percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, and are full members of the rounding team.
There are very strong collaborative endeavors with other divisions in the Department of Medicine, particularly within Geographic Medicine. The University has an outstanding Department of Surgery with extensive clinical and research links. The General Clinical Research Center and The Bierne Carter Center For Immunology represent excellent sites for clinical and basic research. Interdepartmental research collaborations extending to the Departments of Microbiology, Pharmacology, and Biomedical Engineering are also numerous.
Radiology rotation at UVA with special emphasis in ultrasound, CT, and MRI scans of the abdomen as well as the established barium procedures. The Interventional Radiology Section is very strong, and its procedures include transjugular intrahepatic portal systemic shunt (or TIPS).
Pediatric Gastroenterology at UVA. Experience includes outpatient clinic, inpatient consultation, and diagnostic procedures for a variety of disorders presenting in children from a few weeks to 16 years of age.
The level of stipend for trainees supported by the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology depends on the completed number of years of relevant postgraduate training. Some slight variations in stipend may be caused by different sources of funding: Salary and Benefits